Implementation of a prototype wind turbine for energy production in Antarctica as an approach to establishing a permanent Colombian scientific base
at : Feb 04, 2021 16:20:35  (view:2592)

Implementation of a prototype wind turbine for energy production in Antarctica as an approach to establishing a permanent Colombian scientific base

Cesar Jimenez LOZANO1,2

1Conceptual Design of a UAV type VTOL (FAC-USB), Department of Aeronautics, Graduate Program in Aeronautical Engineering, San Buenaventura University (USB), Cr 8H # 172-20, Btá D.C, Cund, 6671090, Colombia;

2Administration of Aeronautical Maintenance Personal (FAC-EPFAC)/Department of Aeronautical Logistics, Graduate Program in Specialist Aeronautical logistics, Postgraduate School of Colombian Air Force University (EPFAC), Cr11 102-50 P 3 4 Ed Esdegue, Btá, 6206518, Colombia

*Corresponding author, ORCID: 0000-0002-9910-6344, cesar.jimenez@fac.mil.co

Abstract In support of an expeditionary team of Colombian scientists seeking to promote and undertake research in various scientific fields in Antarctica, this work was conducted as part of the Colombian Antarctic, which comprises a set of projects intended to lead to the establishment of a permanent scientific base in the Antarctic. The first step involved implementation of a wind turbine made in Colombia to produce electricity at a permanent base. This aeolian turbine was designed to provide sufficient electricity for illumination and heating of a small base. It was constructed using materials easily accessible to the public but with consideration of the environmental regulations of the Protocol of Madrid. The project was conducted at the Argentinian Antarctic Marambio Station, located on Seymour Island off the Antarctic Peninsula. In 2015, an initial field study was performed as the first of the three phases of the project. In the initial phase, local meteorological data were gathered to support the development of a prototype turbine and to plan a robust engineering design adapted to the extreme environmental conditions. Following construction of the wind turbine in Colombia, the second phase involved its transportation to Antarctica and installation at Marambio Station in 2018. Finally, at the beginning of 2020, and after continuous operation for approximately 2 years, the wind turbine was inspected comprehensively to assess the condition of the material structure and electronics for re-engineering.

Keywords wind energy, renewable energy, Marambio Station, Seymour Island, Colombia Antarctic Program 

Citation: Lozano C J. Implementation of a prototype wind turbine for energy production in Antarctica as an approach to establishing a temporary Colombian scientific base. Adv Polar Sci, 2020, 31(4):***-***,doi: 10.13679/j.advps.2020.0031